Bükreş’te Düzenlenen “Kadınlara Yönelik Şiddetle Mücadelenin Kurum ve Yöntemleri” Konulu WIN BALKANS EĞİTİM ve KNOW-HOW ENSTİTÜSÜ Toplantısı

09.00 Bükreş

Devlet Bakanı Güldal Akşit ile beraber, 26-27 Mayıs 2003 tarihlerinde Bükreş’te düzenlenen “Kadınlara Yönelik Şiddetle Mücadelenin Kurum ve Yöntemleri” konulu WIN BALKANS Eğitim ve Know-How Enstitüsü Toplantısına katılmak üzere, Romanya’ya yaptığı resmî ziyarette Dr.Zeynep Karahan Uslu bir konuşma yapmıştır. Konuşma metni için aşağıdadır:

INTERVENTION BY MS. ZEYNEP KARAHAN USLU, MEMBER OF THE TURKISH PARLIAMENT

Dear Chairman, Members of Parliament, Participants and Members of the Win Balkans Network, Before starting my speech, I would like to congratulate and thank the people who organized this activity as this important event underlines the plight of women in the world and reminds everyone that while women make up half of the population in the world, they are constantly faced with several kinds of violence in their daily life.

During this symposium many speakers from around the world have contributed to this important subject from their point of view and they have already emphasized different aspects of the issue. At this stage, I want to start my speech by mentioning the Gallup survey relating to violence against women in Romania. I believe this survey put the topic in a very important place since, in my opinion, it reflects the real situation of women in the world. I also want to point out that in the light of this survey governments have a duty to take steps to combat violence against women, as the adverse effects of the violence not only give rise to individual problems but also create sociological problems within society. As other speakers have already analyzed the individual results I will point out the social implications, but firstly I will mention some data from specific surveys relating to violence against women in Turkey, which has a different cultural, religious and community composition from that of other countries. Thus with the help of the data from Turkey I think I will indicate once more the cross-border dimensions of violence against women

In Turkey, a survey indicating the reasons for and results of violence in families was conducted by the Family Investigation Association, in 1994. It covers 5 regional areas and 12 cities. According to the survey, in 34% of families physical violence is seen and in 54% of families oral violence is faced by women. In addition to this survey, another survey was carried out by the General Office of Status and Problems of Women (KSSGM) among married women and women in prisons in 1995, in Istanbul, Izmir and Ankara, which are the biggest cities in Turkey. This survey also covered violence against women. It revealed that 69.9% of women felt guilty because of their husbands’ violence against them and 52% of women felt responsible for violence from their husband. These results show that individuals do not possess self-esteem and physiologically healthy societies are based on individuals’ self-esteem.

Another survey shows that women who faced physical violence did not know why they were exposed to that violence. There were not any specific reasons for the violence.

Although there is no difference between educated and uneducated women’s’ subjection to violence, a lot of research shows that investment in educational development can prevent violence and women’s’ integration into public life is an essential element of this. It can be said that like other countries, Turkey also needs to take special measures in order to combat violence against women and there is a need to carry out other research and programmes to improve the position of women in society.

In the second part of my speech I want to underline the sociological results of violence on women in general. In any society, the confidence in public institutions and the trust that they carry out their functions is proportional to the solution of the issue of violence against women. If we analyze the issue by illustrating public institutions, firstly, the confidence in law institutions is harmed when these institutions do not support women facing violence adequately. As governments are responsible for saving peoples’ lives, providing them with security and have a duty to serve peoples’ needs, people may believe that these law foundations do not meet the needs of society. At this point, I am happy to say that in Turkey the Family Courts have been founded recently to respond to the needs of society in this area. Although in Turkey and other countries there are many affirmative developments as mentioned, many countries are still far from the ideal level of combating violence. Again I need to say lack of practice in struggle against violence cause lack of confidence to central institutions in societies.

Secondly, Violence paves the way for separated families and a decrease in incomes. As a result especially women are affected and they become economically vulnerable. Consequently from economic point of view social imbalances are observed. Because of income inequality the economy can be affected adversely from violence since an increase in divorces causes a decrease in incomes of the families involved, eventually the whole economy is harmed.

Thirdly, some health problems in women and children can increase because of violence. As I mentioned above, women comprise half of the population in the world. If we add the percentage of male children faced with violence to this number, nearly 75% of the population is under risk of being subjected to violence in families. It can be said that a society in which women and children are exposed to a violent environment cannot be considered to be a healthy society. If women and children are exposed to violation in families for long periods, this may have a detrimental effect on the rest of their lives. In conclusion while women are primarily exposed to violation, children are also under risk if governments do not take measurements to prevent violence.

Although exaggerated it may seem, with a conceptualization that at the same time refers to reality, the societies those face violence almost become ‘depression societies’. And the governments in charge will find their places in world history as governments that did not fulfill their responsibilities in this field.

At the point we have reached today, it is pleasing although not satisfying to see an increase in efforts to combat violence against women. The investigation of this issue by national, international organizations, NGO’s, intellectuals and political actors etc. as happens today, reinforces the solution process of the issue. In this respect, I would like to express again my pleasure and hope from being here today.

COMBATING VIOLENCE AGAINST WOMEN

AGENDA
26.05.2003

15,30 – 16,30 Registration (Romanian Parliament, Hall: Parliamentarians Club)

16,30 – 17,30 Official Opening
Chair: Ms Viorica Afrasinei, Deputy Whip – Romania
Ms Maria Damanaki, Member of the Greek Parliament

Welcome, Opening Remarks and Salutations
-by the representative of the Prime Minister of Romania Mr. Andrian Nastase
-by the Greek ambassador in Romania Mrs. Theodora Grossomanidou

Key Speaker: Dr. Michaela Stanoiou, Minister of Justice of the Romanian Government

17,30 – 18,00 Coffee break

18,00 – 19,30 Working Session
Presentation of the Results of the Public Survey conducted in Bucharest by Gallup Organization concerning violence against women

Comments on the Survey
-Ms Michaela Miroiou, Professor in Political Science, National School of Political Science and Public Administration
-Ms Vasso Artinopoulou, As. Professor of Athens University, President of the Research Center for Gender Equality in Greece

Discussion (all participants)

21,30 – 22,00 Reception (SOFITEL BUCHAREST)

COMBATING VIOLENCE AGAINST WOMEN

AGENDA
27.05.2003

09,30 – 11,00 Working Session
Chair: Ms Dina Loghin, WIN BALKANS Coordinator in Romania
Ms Catherine Tsavalou, WIN BALKANS General Coordinator

KEY SPEAKERS
-Mr. Iakovos Farsedakis, Professor – Director of Criminal Studies of Pantion University of Greece
-Ms. Vasso Artinopoulou, Ass. Professor of Athens University, President of the Research Center for Gender Equality in Greece

Discussion (all participants)

11,30 – 12,00 Coffee break

12,00 – 13,30 Working Session

KEY SPEAKERS
-Ms Michaela Miroiou, Professor in Political Science Faculty of the National School of Political Studies and Public Administration (RO)
-Ms Kety Kostavara, Lawyer, National Coordinator in Greece on Violence against women
-Ms Colette De Troy, Coordinator Policy Action Centre on Violence against Women of the European Women’s Lobby

Discussion (all participants)

13,30 – 14,30 Lunch (Romanian Parliament Restaurant)

15,00 – 17,30 Bucharest site-seeing for participants from abroad

18,00 – 19,30 Working Session
Chair: Ms Viorica Affrasinei, Deputy Whip – Romania
Ms Maria Damanaki, Member of the Greek Parliament)

KEY SPEAKER: Ms Ans Zwerver, Member of the Dutch First Chamber, Member of PACE

INTERVENTIONS
-Ms. Guldal Aksit, Turkish Minister of Tourism
-Romania UNESCO-FRACU Women Committee
-Ms. Michaela Ionescu, Member of the Parliament
-Dr. Elena Preda, Psychiatrist-Former Senator
-Dr. Roxana Cocoru, Chairperson of the Institute
of Women
-Ms. Liljiana Ivanovska, Member of the Parliament (Assembly of the Republic of Macedonia)
-Ms. Marija Kojzekliska, Member of the Parliament (Assembly of the Republic of Macedonia)
-Ms. Zeynep Karahan Uslu, Member of the Turkish Parliament

Discussion (all participants)

Conclusions
-Ms Viorica Afrasinei, Deputy Whip – Romania
-Ms Maria Damanaki, Member of the Greek Parliament